General James M. Gavin Plant has 53 groundwater monitoring wells, 45 of which have been polluted above federal advisory levels based on samples collected between January 18, 2010 and January 16, 2016. Groundwater at this site contains unsafe levels of manganese, strontium, molybdenum, sulfate, barium, arsenic, antimony, fluoride, nitrate, beryllium, cobalt, cadmium and copper.Site description
American Electric Power's Gavin Power Plant is located along the Ohio River in Cheshire, Ohio. The power plant is one of the largest coal-fired plants in the nation with two generating units capable of generating 1300 MW of electricity each. AEP constructed the plant in 1974 and renovated it in the mid-1990s. The plant currently disposes of coal ash in a residual waste landfill and a separate bottom ash pond. The residual waste landfill, which contains flue gas desulfurization wastes including fly ash, covers around 255 acres and fills three valleys. The plant's bottom ash pond is located on the south side of the plant and covers nearly 85 acres. A third disposal area northwest of the currently active landfill, Stingy Creek Dam, is currently closed but received fly ash until 1994. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency categorized both the active landfill and bottom ash pond as having high hazard dams. In 2002, American Electric Power bought the town of Cheshire for two million dollars in order to resolve numerous citizen complaints about air pollution from the plant. For more information about groundwater at the Gavin Power Plant, see EIP's 2010 report In Harm's Way.